ACEIs and Coughs – Managing the Blood Pressure Manager

Managing the Blood Pressure ManagerThe body’s stress response system is a powerful chain reaction of enzymes, proteins, and neurotransmitters, enabling it to respond to emergencies or danger. Renin (from the kidney) changes angiotensinogen (from the liver) into a protein, angiotensin 1. Angiotensin converting enzyme (from the lungs) changes the protein into angiotensin 2 which causes blood vessels to contract and speeds the heart rate. But what benefits the body in a crisis can harm it in the long run.

A steady supply of angiotensin 2 leads to high blood pressure (hypertension). In the 1960s, ACE inhibitors were developed to prevent the formation of angiotensin 2. It causes the heart rate to slow and blood vessels to relax, enabling blood to safely flow through the body. This removes unnecessary stress from the heart and kidneys, allowing them to function as they should.

ACEI Cough

Side effects are common among all drug classes. Common to ACEIs are swelling of tissue below the skin (angioedema) and a dry cough. ACE inhibitor cough occurs in less than 20 percent of those taking ACEIs, primarily blacks and women. Nitric oxide, anti-inflammatories, iron, and other treatments may be used to treat ACEI cough. Although not effective for all sufferers, a switch to another drug class, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), has been beneficial for many. It has the added advantage of providing protection for the kidneys.

Angioedema

The second-most common side effect of taking an ACEI is a swelling of tissue below the skin, mostly the tongue, throat, lips, and cheeks. The swelling could become severe enough to close the throat. Adequate time to monitor and treat the swelling is possible in general because the swelling occurs over a period of hours. A previous episode of angioedema and race (black), are the two largest risk factors; smoking, gender (women), and increased age are lesser ones. Diabetics taking a drug class called gliptins are also at risk. A person can go many years before experiencing this problem; it has often been mistaken for an allergic reaction to food. However, with increased awareness, doctors are more likely to make the connection between the two. The current wisdom is to switch to something else – most likely an ARB – for blood pressure management.

Conclusion

The way ACEI affects a compound that also relaxes blood vessels, bradykinin, seems to be the common factor in ACEI cough and angioedema. While a new drug class is being readied to address that interference, sufferers are best served now by being informed patients. Effective communication between patient and physician is critical to properly identifying and treating ACE inhibitor cough and angioedema. The result is a cough-free, edema-free patient who manages their health well.

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ACEIs

  • Monopril (fosinopril)
  • Capoten (captopril)
  • Altace (ramipril)
  • Univasc (moexipril)
  • Prinivil, Zestril (lisinopril)
  • Accupril (quinapril)
  • Vasotec (enalapril)
  • Mavik (trandolapril)
  • Lotensin (benazepril)
  • Aceon (perindopril)

May be combined with thiazides, drugs that increase urination (diuretics).

  • Uniretic (hydrochlorothiazide/moexipril)
  • Zestoretic (hydrochlorothiazide/lisinopril)
  • Accuretic (hydrochlorothiazide/quinapril)
  • Prinzide (hydrochlorothiazide/lisinopril)
  • Capozide (captopril/hydrochlorothiazide)
  • Lotensin HCT (benazepril/hydrochlorothiazide)
  • Monopril HCT (fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide)
  • Quinaretic (hydrochlorothiazide/quinapril)
  • Vaseretic (enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide)

They can also be combined with calcium channel blockers, a drug class that keeps the heart from working too hard and blood vessels from contracting by reducing absorption of calcium.

  • Tarka (trandolapril/verapamil)
  • Teczem (diltiazem/enalapril)
  • Amlobenz or Lotrel (amlodipine/benazepril)
  • Lexxel (enalapril/felodipine)

ARBs

  • Teveten (eprosartan)
  • Benicar (olmesartan)
  • Edarbi (azilsartan medoxomil)
  • Micardis (telmisartan)
  • Cozaar (losartan)
  • Diovan (valsartan)
  • Atacand (candesartan)
  • Avapro (irbesartan)
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Type 2 Diabetes – Four Reasons Why You Should Lose Weight

It’s not unusual for many people who receive a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes to take their time in deciding to lose weight. Many continue to live an unhealthy lifestyle, and then when they are afflicted with a complication brought on by their continuing high blood sugar, realize they have no choice, but to eat healthily and lower their blood sugar levels and get rid of any excess weight. But why wait to change for the better? If you’re currently overweight, you are leaving yourself exposed to health risks that can be mitigated well before they establish themselves.

Why wait until a major wake-up call to improve your health?

If you need additional convincing, here are four reasons why you should lose weight if you’re currently carrying extra fat around your abdominal area…

1. Weight loss helps to prevent further complications. Being overweight or obese is a primary risk factor for the development of many diseases. So by burning some of your extra fat and returning to a healthier weight, you will be lowering your chances of developing serious complications in the near future.

2. Weight loss improves emotional health. There seems to be a correlation between being overweight and being depressed. That’s not to say you would have chronic depression as an overweight adult, but it does mean you would be compromising your emotional well-being to some extent.

Most people who are overweight are not comfortable with their appearance. Add factors like physical inactivity and unhealthy food choices to the mix and you can imagine why someone who’s overweight is more likely to be depressed than a healthy individual.

3. Weight loss improves your ability to exercise. Physical activity is beneficial for weight loss. This point is well understood. But some adults will struggle to become physically active. It can be a difficult transition from living a sedentary lifestyle. But it must be done.

Fortunately, the more body fat you shed, the easier it becomes to exercise. Your energy levels will surge as you melt away the fat with an active lifestyle and healthy eating plan. Your body will recover from muscle aches more quickly. Not to mention the increased motivation you will have to exercise once you start to see progress.

4. Weight loss improves your self-esteem. There’s something to be said about the growing confidence one feels after losing weight and regaining a lean physique.

Once you’re more content with your appearance and the fit of your clothes, life seems to get better. You feel more confident and more comfortable with who you are. More importantly, the awareness you are in better health generally after losing weight increases your happiness. Most Type 2 diabetics have been told engaging in exercise for 30 minutes a day can reduce the risk of heart disease and increase insulin sensitivity.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.

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A Better Way To Control Your Carbohydrates And Still Lose Weight

What Are Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are starches that turn food into energy. If you’re not active, then the carbs you take in turns into sugar causing your blood sugar to elevate. These foods contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that burn fuel in our bodies.

What Kinds of Foods Have Carbohydrates

Starchy foods are found in potatoes, bread, rice, and whole grains. When eating foods high in carbohydrates, you want to eat less of them and eat more meat, poultry, fish, small pieces of fruit and vegetables. We need 50 grams of starches per day. If you exercise, then you can eat more, but don’t go overboard.

How Carbohydrates Work

Starches provide energy for our central nervous system, helps maintain muscle function, prevents the protein from breaking down and enables fat metabolism in our bodies. Also, starches help with brain function such as memory and mood swings.

Added Carbohydrates in Processed Food

Processed foods such as candy, soda, processed sugar, white bread, white rice, cereals, ice cream to name a few, are foods to avoid. These foods offer no nutritional value and, later on in life, it can lead to diabetes, heart attacks, strokes and hardening of the arteries. Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables helps to maintain a healthy weight overall.

How Carbohydrates Breakdown in the GI Tract

Depending on your metabolism (how your body burns fat), some people burn calories faster, so starches don’t stay in the digestive tract, which causes the body’s sugar level to go down. With other people, starches break down in the digestive system longer causing blood sugar to elevate. Starches that digest slower in the body can contribute to weight gain along with blood sugar spikes.

Nutritional Labels on Food Packages

When shopping at your local grocery store, look for labels in the subcategories: sugar, sugar alcohol, and fiber. Also, check for a number of carbohydrates. When figuring out carbohydrates, take the total amount of carbs and subtract them from the total grams of fiber, that is your total amount of carbs on the package. For example, a package of bread has 25 grams of carbohydrates and 5 grams of fiber, you subtract (25 grams of carbohydrates from 5 grams of fiber, which gives you 20 grams of carbohydrates in the package of bread).

Controlling Portions When Eating Starchy Food

When eating foods high in carbohydrates, you want to eat them in smaller amounts. Instead, eat more fresh vegetables, cooked or steamed. For example, when eating spaghetti, you might want to measure the noodles to one-fourth on your plate instead of filling the whole plate. Also, avoid having a roll or breadstick with the pasta, but instead have a plate full of steamed or cooked vegetables.

Results of a Low Carb Diet

When going on a low carb diet, you may want to let your doctor know. Cutting back on carbohydrates can have positive effects that can lead to weight loss and lower blood sugar, but it can also have bad results, such as fatigue, low blood sugar, which can lead to hypoglycemia in diabetics, weakness, and lower energy. So it might be a good idea to cut back on your starches instead of cutting them out of your diet.

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How I Barely Escaped My Family Legacy of Obesity

Without a doubt, the cards were stacked against me growing up. My mother and grandmother were morbidly obese, other relatives were overweight, and our eating environment was not what I would call healthy. Meals mostly revolved around white bread with margarine, jelly sandwiches on white bread, bologna sandwiches with mayo on white bread, hotdogs and hamburgers on white bread, cookies and ice cream. There was the occasional canned fruit cocktail and canned corn, but other than that vegetables and fruit were rarities. Drinking water was never encouraged and it didn’t occur to me that I needed it. I’m quite certain I was chronically dehydrated as a kid. Without a doubt, my horrible eating habits were the cause of my skin issues, lack of energy, depressed mood, and growing waste line.

Both my genetics and environment pointed me in the direction of obesity and yet somehow I managed to escape it; call it luck, fate, or a strong determination. I was fortunate to have a good high school biology teacher and I loved the subject. That’s when I first realized that food mattered, and the digestive system fascinated me. It was during the eleventh grade that I decided to go to college and become a doctor which eventually evolved into a nutritionist. Food and nutrition continue to be my passion to this day. I now know that food can be either our medicine or our poison.

Over time, I learned more about food and nutrition, and developed the healthy eating habits that I have today. As a mother, I was so strongly committed to passing on those habits to my children who are both young men now. I’m proud to say they are both healthy eaters. And me, I’ve been able to “turn off” my inherited obesity genes by making healthy eating a priority in my life. I’m leaving the family legacy of obesity behind me.

THE EVERYDAY NON-NEGOTIABLES THAT HELP ME MAINTAIN A HEALTHY WEIGHT

I eat three balanced meals a day rather than randomly snacking whenever. If I’m hungry between meals, I will eat something but I make it count. It’s got to be packed with nutrients.

I plan my meals around plants rather than animals. I’m not a vegetarian, but I definitely like to eat plants better than animals. I eat some type of plant food with breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

I eat healthy fat every day including nuts, seeds, almond butter, avocado, olive oil, and coconut. I love pasture raised eggs (including the yolks!) and full-fat yogurt from grass-fed cows (unsweetened of course).

I drink plenty of water! For my size, I need at least 60 oz. per day and I try to drink more than that. I guess I’m making up for all the water I missed as a kid.

I avoid (with a vengeance) highly processed foods. If there are more than 5 ingredients in a packaged food, I scrutinize them very carefully. With few exceptions, I don’t eat food products with lots of added ingredients.

I limit added sugar and never consume artificial sweeteners.

I eat mostly whole grains. I have one or two servings of whole grains on most days. I feel better when I don’t overdo it with this food group.

I cook and eat at home most of the time. I do eat out occasionally but I’m picky about the restaurant. It’s got to have healthy options on the menu. I never eat fast food.

I don’t deprive myself. If I want to indulge in something gooey and sweet, I do it. I don’t do it often though because it doesn’t make me feel good.

I would never go on a diet. Food is to be enjoyed and appreciated. It’s not something to worry about or fear.

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Better Health Even When You’re Obese

1. Create a list of your eating habits
According to CDC improving your eating habits is a key factor in maintaining or strengthening your overall health and losing weight. In order to improve your eating habits, you have to know more about them. Keeping a food journal is a good way to get to know your own eating habits and determine what you should change. Food journal should contain everything you eat and drink throughout the day. Most people discover they tend to overeat when they are stressed out, depressed, or when they are coping with unprocessed emotions. All these habits have a direct impact on your overall health and weight as well. Besides keeping a food journal you should also:

Highlight bad habits
Identify triggers that make you do those unhealthy and bad eating habits
Identify different things you can do to avoid triggers
Replace unhealthy habits with healthy alternatives.

2. Eat regularly
Overweight or obese people and even individuals who don’t want to gain weight make the same mistake – they skip meals. After all, if you skip meals, you can’t gain more weight and you will easily shed those extra pounds. Wrong! Skipping meals make your body store fat faster regardless of the size of the portion. Plus, your body requires a variety of healthy nutrients throughout the day in order to remain healthy.

3. Exercise
Regardless of your weight, size, or age, physical activity is essential for good health. A sedentary lifestyle is associated with excessive weight gain, weakening of muscles and joints as well as heightened risk of numerous diseases. If you’re overweight or obese, you usually think that regular exercise is something you can never do mostly because you don’t think you’re strong enough to do it. Luckily, there are many things you can do to become physically active. You can start by taking nice walks every day, opt for stairs instead of elevators, or consult personal trainer who can create the list of exercises based on your shape and weight. Optimal health requires healthy diet and exercise and these two aspects of a healthy lifestyle go hand in hand.

4. Make weight loss shake
Weight loss shakes are delicious and healthy tools for improving your health and losing weight. These nutrition power bombs offer an abundance of protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that your body needs in order to function properly. These shakes speed up your metabolism thus contributing to weight loss. Plus, they’re easy to make which means you can have to start your day in a healthy manner and still have plenty of time to get ready for work. Do You need some ideas? Not to worry, here are 3 recipes you can use to make your own shakes for weight loss.

#1 Mango smoothie
Mango cubes – ¼ cup
Ripe avocado (mashed) – ¼ cup
Mango juice – ½ cup
Fat-free vanilla yogurt – ¼ cup
Freshly squeezed lime juice – 1 tbsp
Sugar – 1 tbsp
Ice cubes – 6.

#2 Blueberry shake
Skim milk – 1 cup
Frozen unsweetened blueberries – 1 cup
Cold-pressed organic flax seed oil – 1 tbsp.

#3 Peach smoothie
Skim milk – 1 cup
Frozen unsweetened peaches – 1 cup
Cold-pressed organic flax seed oil – 2 tsp.

5. Drink water
If you want to stay healthy, then drinking water throughout the day is extremely important. Water doesn’t only help your body function properly; it can also improve your weight loss endeavor. According to Authority Nutrition, drinking water boosts your metabolism by 24 – 30% over the period of 1-1.5 hours thus helping you burn off more calories.

6. Use reliable weight loss supplement
Dietary supplements are available in all drugstores and you can also buy them online. They are made of natural ingredients and usually contain herbs which have been used for medical purposes for centuries. With that being said, you should bear in mind that not all weight loss dietary supplements are created equal. Some of them are effective while others include bold claims without proving the effectiveness. Effective dietary supplements prove their reliability by providing a complete list of ingredients. Before you buy any dietary supplement you should consult your doctor first. Remember, if there’s no list of ingredients; skip the product and move on to the next one.

7. Drink green tea
Green is one of the healthiest beverages in the world which is why you should, definitely, have a cup of this tea at least once a day. This healthy beverage is abundant in powerful antioxidants which improve your overall health, memory, and concentration and detoxify your body. Did you know that most weight loss supplements and teas for weight loss contain green tea? Take a walk to the nearest store and buy this tea to start healthy lifestyle today.

8. Use smaller plates
Overeating doesn’t only make you gain weight at a faster rate. It is also associated with:
-Diabetes
-Increased risk of stroke
-Cardiovascular diseases
-High blood pressure etc.

When you use big plates, your mind makes you eat until the plate is completely empty. It plays a trick on you making you think you’re not full just yet. Now, it’s your turn to trick your mind and you can do it by using smaller plates. Instead of a big plate, opt for a smaller one and eat smaller portions of your breakfasts, lunches or dinners. This practice can improve your health by preventing overeating and it can help you lose weight. French women are famous for their elegance and obesity rate in this country is significantly smaller than in the US. Their secret is simple – they eat different foods using smaller plates and avoid refilling once the plate is empty. You should try this as well.

9. Eat fruits and vegetables
Instead of pizzas, burgers, French fries and other unhealthy foods, you should make sure your diet contains more fruits and vegetables. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients essential for your health. Plus, they contain antioxidants which inhibit free radicals thus protecting your body from oxidative damage.

10. Eat more fiber
Fiber-rich foods are extremely important for your health and weight loss. Why? It’s because fiber stabilizes bowel movements and improve your digestion. Regular digestion is crucial for improving your health and it’s a significant part of weight loss. Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of fiber as well as whole grain products.

Conclusion
Being overweight or obese makes you more prone to various diseases including the most severe ones. In order to avoid this scary scenario, there are many things you can do to improve your overall health and losing weight at the same time. It’s important to remember that all you need to become healthier is strong willpower and lifestyle adjustments.

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Steps to Defeat Asthma – Natural Treatment

Suffering with Asthma every day is like having an extra job trying to control the symptoms. It only takes one day when the air pollution is higher than normal causing you to wheeze so bad you can’t make it into work. The cold air hitting your lungs causes you to have an asthma attack so you stay home more than going out. You resort to your medication to keep your asthma at bay. Does this sound like you?

Choosing a natural treatment for asthma may be what you need not only to relieve your symptoms but to heal your body from the inside.

#1. Asthma (Natural Treatment)

Asthma is an inflammatory reaction to allergens and irritants. Before we can deal with the inflammation it’s important to start the process of treating your asthma naturally by analyzing your environment.

Remove all allergens and irritants that may trigger an asthma attack: chemicals, aerosol sprays, animal dander, certain medications, molds, perfumes, pollens, sulfites, to name a few.

#2. Asthma (Natural Treatment)Our diets are one of the main sources of inflammation that we face daily. We eat at least three times per day, and that repetitive level of inflammation needs to be addressed if you are ever to get off some of your medication and breathe more easily.

Eat more anti-inflammatory foods like: apricots, cruciferous vegetables, onions, papaya, pumpkin and tomatoes. Foods to avoid: Citrus fruits, dairy products, dyes and preservatives, sugar and wheat.

#3. Asthma (Natural Treatment)

People with asthma need to pay particular attention to fats because good fats are anti-inflammatory. Omega 3 fatty acids have an anti-inflammatory effect, while Omega 6 fatty acids promote inflammation. We tend to eat foods high in Omega-6 fatty acids. Good examples of omega-3 fatty acids are those in fish. Increase your intake of fish (or take a high quality fish oil supplement), nuts, olive oil while decreasing the amount of canola oil, and processed food of any kind.

#4. Asthma (Natural Treatment)

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in our gut and are commonly destroyed by the antibiotics we take regularly. Supplementing with probiotics can help heal asthma naturally from within.

#5. Asthma (Natural Treatment)

Often times, asthmatics are depleted of crucial nutrients due to the chronic inflammation in the body. Take a high quality nutritional supplement which supplies all the vitamins and minerals important to the immune system.

This 5 step Asthma Natural Treatment will absolutely influence how well you breathe and start healing your body from the inside.

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What Are 3 Things I Can Do About Asthma?

The Mayo Clinic, representing more than 3,300 physicians, scientists and researchers, says that it isn’t clear why only some people get asthma. According to their research the cause of asthma is genetic and environmental. This means it is passed on through families and triggered by environmental exposure. Of course, there are cases that are purely hereditary and cases that are purely environmental. For example, a chronic smoker can get asthma even if they have no genetic disposition. For average people, the main concern is to eliminate the environmental causes of asthma, especially for young children who may develop the disease from exposure. There is actually 3 things you can do to greatly reduce the environmental exposure to irritants that cause asthma.

The first thing is eliminating toxins. The big ones are pet dander, Volatile Organic Compounds, such as smoke, and dust. The grand majority of dust is circulated through the home by the central heating and cooling air duct systems. This is where duct cleaning or proper window treatment and caulking goes a long way. This is a simple step that gets big results. Removing those pounds of dust is very effective and it is important to keep dust from coming in.

The second thing is looking out for is sulfates and preservatives, such as those found in shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer and wine. In a healthy adult, with a mature liver, these foods are fine, but in growing children, for some reason, they are linked to asthma attacks. Most of those foods don’t look like anything a kid would eat, but food manufacturing companies have a nasty habit of sneaking in preservatives, such as mono sodium glutamate (MSG), under new and improved names such as glutamate acid and so on. The big red flag in the food preservation industry is the amount of salt. Table salt doesn’t really represent a threat, but the salt in food is usually linked with long chain organic preservatives such as sulfates that is shown to lead to more frequent asthma attacks. The moral of the story is: if you are buying groceries and you notice a high amount of sodium, sulfates are also likely present in that food.

The last and most important thing to avoid for asthma is cold or polluted air. Weird how very frigid air can provoke asthma, but a repeated strain on the respiratory system in the form of cold air does this. Then there is the obvious mainly considered reason: pollution! In terms of pollution, we have the most control by using electronic air filters for our indoor air and regularly changing air filters like in our cars. Those three things will give you deep, fresh breathing!

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Chronic Bronchitis, Causes and Type

Chronic bronchitis may be defined as a disease characterized by cough and sputum for at least 3 consecutive months in a year for more than 2 successive years. in this condition there is chronic obstruction to the alveolar inflow of air either due to chronic bronchitis or bronchial asthma.

Causes –

Smoking: Smoking causes bronchoconstriction, sluggish ciliary movement, increases airway resistance, hypertrophy of the mucous glands, increased number of goblet cells and hypersecretion of mucus. Though smoking is said to be the most important cause, yet only 10%-15% of the smokers develop COPD. Usually a cigarette smoking history of greater than 20 pack Years is associated with the disease. (1 pack year is equivalent to smoking 20 cigarettes a day for 1 year.)

Atmospheric pollution: Industrial and domestic smoke as well as sulphur dioxide are main causes of air pollution which are responsible for chronic bronchial irritation and increased resistance to the airflow.

Infection: The role of infection is uncertain, but it appears that once it develops chronic irritation is maintained and progresses to emphysema. The main organisms are Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Mycoplasma pneumonae may also be involved.

Occupation: Coal-miners and industrial workers are often exposed to dust and fumes which may irritate the bronchial tree.

Familial and genetic abnormalities associated with Alpha-antiprotease deficiency may also be present.

Types of chronic bronchitis

• Simple chronic bronchitis. Here sputum is mucoid.

• Chronic recurrent mucopurulent bronchitis. There is mucopurulent sputum present in absence of localised suppurative disease.

• Chronic obstructive bronchitis. Airway obstruction is dominant.

• Chronic asthmatic bronchitis. There is long continued cough and sputum with late onset of wheeze.

Pathogenesis, Pathology and Functional abnormality Mucous glands Due to chronic irritation, mucous glands undergo hypertrophy which is the main pathological finding in chronic bronchitis. The ratio between the thickness of gland and thickness of bronchial wall is called Reid Index. This is normally 0.26 and in chronic bronchitis it becomes 0.59. This index is the diagnostic criterion of chronic bronchitis. Goblet cells In the bronchioles Goblet cells proliferate and are overdistended with mucus.

Mucus

Mucus secretion is enormously increased due to hypertrophy of mucous glands and proliferation of Goblet cells. This is the cause of chronic cough and sputum. Secretion of mucous glands mainly contributes to the sputum volume, while that of Goblet cell is responsible for airway obstruction. Thus there are wheeze, rhonchi and breathlessness. This mucus is chemically altered as its fucose and sialic acid concentration is increased.

Infection

Increased mucus predisposes to infection by various organisms, e.g., viruses and bacteria. The main bacteria are H. influenzae and Strep. pneumoniae. This leads to severe inflammation of the bronchial tree resulting in mucopurulent sputum, further airway obstruction and constitutional reaction. H. influenzae may persist in the sputum and may cause fibrosis and scarring of the distant alveoli or at times emphysema. Airway obstruction This is the most important functional abnormality and is caused by numbers of factors, e.g., overproduction of mucus, inflammatory swelling and oedema, spasm of smooth muscle, fibrosis, air trapping at bronchioles and emphysema. In the earlier part of the disease intermittent and later on permanent obstruction develops. With severe airway obstruction PEF and FEVI are diminished and the FEVI/FVC ratio falls below -5 per cent. However, this does not correlate well.

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Pain Management After Plastic Surgery

After any surgery, pain control will be a priority for you and your doctor. And while there is a level of discomfort and pain to be expected after any type of surgery, your doctor will take preventive steps to provide you ways to manage your pain. This isn’t only to keep you comfortable, but when your body is in pain, it can’t heal as quickly as it should.

When you are about to have surgery, your doctor will go over your current medical well-being as well as your medical history. Always be honest and advise them of any type of medication you are taking, especially if you are already taking medication for managing your pain.

The Types Of Pain To Expect

After surgery, you may experience pain in places that will be a surprise. Many times it is not at the surgery site. Some areas where you may experience discomfort or pain after surgery are:

• Muscles – You may feel discomfort or pain in the area of your back, chest, neck, or shoulders muscles. This comes from lying in one position on the operating table or the “handling” the team may do with you while in surgery.

• Throat – Your throat may feel scratchy or sore. This is from having any tubes in your mouth or throat. Movement – Any movement like sitting up or walking will be uncomfortable and painful. Even coughing or sneezing will cause increased pain.

Keeping Your Pain Under Control

You will have a big part in your own pain management simply by keeping your doctor and the nursing staff advised about your pain. Your main will be measured and during your hospital stay, you will be asked to rate your pain on a scale using numbers zero through ten. Zero is no pain and ten is the worst possible pain. This system is helpful for your medical team to know how the pain management treatment is working or if there is a need to make changes.

Who Will Help You Handle Your Pain?

You and your doctor will talk about your pain management prior to surgery, determining what is acceptable for you. Sometimes doctors will bring in a pain specialist to work with you after your surgery.

At the end of the day, though, you are the one that will make the ultimate decision. Your medical history and current health condition will be used by your doctor and the pain specialists to provide you the options for pain management.

The Different Types of Pain Management Treatments

It is common for a patient to be given more than one type of pain management treatment. It is based on their needs and the type of surgery they had. Your doctor and the pain specialist will make certain they are effective but safe, although, there is some level of risk for any type of medication. Some of the most commonly used pain management treatments are:

• Intravenous PCA (Patient-Controlled Analgesia)

PCA is a pump that is computerized and allows the patient to self-medicate safe amounts of pain medications. The unit is programmed and will only release a specific amount within a certain amount of time.

• Nerve Blocks

A nerve block controls pain in small, isolated areas of the body. This method of pain management may be distributed by an epidural catheter for prolonged pain management.

• Oral Pain Medications

After surgery at some point, your doctor will most likely order some form of pain management medication that is taken orally. You will need to let the nursing staff know when you are experiencing pain and if it has been within the usual four-hour timeframe, they will give you the prescribed dosage.

Pain Management Without Medication

There are ways to achieve pain management too. Such as guided imagery, a focused relaxation method that works by the patient’ creating calm and peaceful images in their mind. This mental escape can be enhanced by listening to music and changing positions.

Your doctor may give you instructions for cold and heat therapy. This will reduce your pain and any swelling you may be experiencing. For surgery in the abdominal or chest area, using a pillow when you a cough, sneeze or take deep breaths will help as a method of pain management.

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Simple Tips To Cope With Low Vision

If you have low vision, you may be finding it hard to do your routine activities, such as reading, cooking, watching TV and so on. Aside from this, you may be concerned about your job and various other matters. So, how can you cope with your low vision? Well, we have some great tips for people like you who are in the same boat. The tips below can help you get the most out of your remaining vision. Read on.

Label your stuff

First of all, you should put stickers or labels on the stuff you use on a regular basis. Besides, you can use puffy paint for giving texture to the labels you put on different things. This will help you identify objects with ease.

Make use of contrasting colors

For ease of identification, you can use dark pieces of clothing on the edge of table and bed edges. This way you won’t bump into tables and beds.

Use the right devices

You can use devices with bigger screens. For instance, you can go for a watch with a big face and big buttons. This will help you tell time, change channels and weigh yourself with ease.

Organize everything

You should put each of your items in the right place. This will help you locate them quickly when you need them. In the start, organizing your stuff will take some time. Once you are have taken a start, it will become a piece of cake.

Get help

Asking for help may be hard for you. But there are people out there who are ready to assist people with vision problems. Aside from this, many low vision groups are out there to provide support.

Look for a support system

Low vision is a common problem faced by aging adults. Feeling of loneliness is a kind of side effect of low vision. You can find a support system or a friend in your community. They can give you tips and tricks so you can cope with your problem in the best way possible.

Be patient

It’s not easy to cope with low vision. It will take you some time to get used to it and develop some tricks to manage. You should be easy on yourself and shouldn’t give up. In the end, you will be able to find many solutions that will work for you.

Practice

As soon as you have made a list of things you should do to cope with your low vision, you should practice them.

The takeaway

So, these are a few simple things you can do in order to cope with your vision problems. The crux of the matter is that you can deal with any problem as long as you are confident enough, and the problem of low vision is not a big one either. With confidence and encouragement from your family and friends, you can live with it happy. Plus, if you possible, you can also use some low vision aids.

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Permanent Cure For Back Pain

Nowadays, lower back pain is on the list of common disorders. Back pain, especially the lower back ache is a chronic condition where the patient suffers from a persistent mild or sharp pain in their back. Besides, the pain may accompany stiffness, burning, tingling and numbness. If you are looking for the best cure for this pain, Ayurveda is the answer. Let’s take a look at the causes and treatment methods of the lower back pain in Ayurveda.

Causes

Mostly, backache is the result of the poor posture. With balanced posture, you can reduce strain on your back, as the right posture will keep the bones, muscles and other parts of the body in the natural position.

When you maintain an abnormal sitting position for several hours, your spinal curve may get hurt or you may end up with pulled muscles. This can cause muscle contraction that can cause pain.

Other disorders that can trigger back pain include spinal stenosis, scoliosis, and osteoporosis. Besides, straining or spraining of the ligaments or muscles in your back can also cause the pain.

If the tissues around your spine suffer from a prolonged stress, or the tissues get damaged due to a hard blow, you may get pain in your back. A sedentary lifestyle is another most common cause.

Treatment methods

The traditional treatment for the lower back pain involves the use of drugs and surgical operations. These treatments don’t work in all the cases because most people don’t have backache due to an injury. Instead, the pain is the response of the mind and body to an underlying condition.

According to Ayurveda, lower back pain occurs because of the vitiation of any of the 3 main doshas. The backache is an indicator of the weakness of bones/muscles and Vata aggravation.

Ayurvedic Treatments

In Ayurveda, the treatment of most diseases and conditions is to balance the three doshas. In Ayurveda hospitals, both internal and external treatments are used to help patients get rid of the backache. Herbal stuff, such as Asthavargam is given to the patients. Apart from this, daily purgation is also used to “fix” the vitiated doshas.

Abhyanga, which is an Ayurvedic Panchakarma way of treatment requires you to get an oil massage. Besides, Basti is really helpful for relief from the pain and fix abnormalities. If you want to use Ayurvedic herbal medicine, you can go for Mahanarayana tailam, Triphala Guggul, Lakshadiguggul and Yogarajagugul, just to name a few.

Yogasana for the Lower back pain

At times, the pain in the back occurs when you push yourself beyond your emotional or physical capacity. Your spine should be stable. For the stability of the spine, your mind should be steady.

You first step is to train your mind to relax, and then focus on the areas of the back that hurt. With a little bit of practice on a daily basis, you can easily redirect the energy of your mind to get relief from the pain.

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